It takes about 3-4 months for hemp stalks to reach maturity. The Hemp fibre or industrial hemp is obtained from the outer layer or the bast of the Cannabis sativa plant, more popularly known as that meant for producing marijuana or hashish. The paper then discusses the potential of hemp as an alternative crop. Properties of Hemp-Lime", "Hemp homes are cutting edge of green building", "Lotus announces hemp-based Eco Elise: a new type of 'green' car", "Green Cars, Fuel Efficiency and the Environment | Mercedes-Benz", "Michael Karus:European hemp industry 2001 till 2004: Cultivation, raw materials, products and trends, 2005", "Comparison of papermaking potential of wood and hemp cellulose pulps", "Hemp: A New Crop with New Uses for North America", "Our ropes are much stronger than we believe", "Phytoremediation: Using Plants to Clean Soil", "COOLFUEL Episode: Sugarcane and Hempoline", "Increased biogas production at the Henriksdals Waste Water plant, Cajsa Hellstedt et. The inner two fibers of the plant are woodier and typically have industrial applications, such as mulch, animal bedding, and litter. In the US, pet manufacturers use hemp in dog and cat bedding. These diseases rarely affect the yield of a hemp field, so hemp production is not traditionally dependent on the use of pesticides. During the war, Japan cut off those supply lines. Hemp seeds have been used in bird feed mix as well. Drug-Type Cannabis species (which contain higher levels of psychoactive THC). The Committee worked with the provincial government to get research and development assistance and was able to obtain test plot permits from the Canadian government. Plants including cotton, jute, flax and hemp are used to obtain plant fibres. [4][5], Although cannabis as a drug and industrial hemp both derive from the species Cannabis sativa and contain the psychoactive component tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), they are distinct strains with unique phytochemical compositions and uses. [88], In the Australian states of Tasmania, Victoria, Queensland, Western Australia, New South Wales, and most recently, South Australia, the state governments have issued licences to grow hemp for industrial use. This doesn’t mean the rest is waste as just about every part of an industrial hemp plant has value and purpose. However, due to the plant's rapid and dense growth characteristics, some jurisdictions consider hemp a prohibited and noxious weed, much like Scotch Broom.[57]. NNFCC. Dual purpose crops produce fiber and seed; with the seed being used for food, biofuels and other applications. The narcotic content is because of tetra-hydro-cannabinol content (THC) that is much as 20 % … If the paper industry were to switch from wood to hemp for sourcing its cellulose fibers, the following benefits could be utilized: However, hemp has had a hard time competing with paper from trees or recycled newsprint. sisal, banana and agave, or from fruit, e.g. Because of EU regulations 1308/70, 619/71 and 1164/89, this law was revoked (for some certified seed varieties). The linguistic evidence strongly supports this theory, both as to time and direction of spread and as to cause."[126]. Many Kimono designs portray hemp, or asa (Japanese: 麻), as a beautiful plant. Robinson, Rowan. Some examples of the plant fibres are given below: 1. [32] Designed by Modece Architects,[33] who pioneered hemp's use in UK construction, the hemp houses were monitored in comparison with other standard dwellings by BRE. [120][121] An archeological site in the Oki Islands near Japan contained cannabis achenes from about 8000 BC, probably signifying use of the plant. Hemp paper are paper varieties consisting exclusively or to a large extent from pulp obtained from fibers of industrial hemp. According to a USDA document, 3.5% of the weight of “green” (unprocessed) industrial hemp can be converted dry line fibre and 1% of it to dry tow. The outer material contains the prized bast fibers and the inner is the hurd, which is made up of short fibers. The narcotic content is because of tetra-hydro-cannabinol content (THC) which is … For clothing, in some instances, hemp is mixed with lyocell. (Everyday Mysteries: Fun Science Facts from the Library of Congress)", "EXECUTIVE ORDER 12919 -- NATIONAL DEFENSE INDUSTRIAL RESOURCES PREPAREDNESS", "New Fossil Evidence for the Past Cultivation and Processing of Hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) in Eastern England", "Dr. Ivan BÛcsa, GATE Agricultural Research Institute, Kompolt - Hungary, Book Review Re-discovery of the Crop Plant Cannabis Marihuana Hemp (Die Wiederentdeckung der Nutzplanze Cannabis Marihuana Hanf)", "Economic Considerations for Growing Industrial Hemp:Implications for Kentucky's Farmers and Agricultural Economy", "In Drug-Leery Japan, Arrests for Marijuana Are on the Rise", Industrial Hemp in the United States: Status and Market Potential (www.ers.usda.gov), Capital punishment for cannabis trafficking, Rescheduling per the Controlled Substances Act, List of British politicians who have acknowledged cannabis use, List of American politicians who have acknowledged cannabis use, Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the cannabis industry, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hemp&oldid=999589877, Articles lacking reliable references from May 2016, Articles with Russian-language sources (ru), Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles containing Old English (ca. In 1892, Rudolf Diesel invented the diesel engine, which he intended to power "by a variety of fuels, especially vegetable and seed oils, which earlier were used for oil lamps, i.e. This legalized hemp at the federal level, which made it easier for hemp farmers to get production licenses, acquire loans, and receive federal crop insurance. The hemp plant has been cultivated in northern India from a considerable antiquity, not only as a drug but for its fibre. indica generally has poor fiber quality and female buds from this variety are primarily used for recreational and medicinal purposes. Hope this helps! [160], In the United States, Executive Order 12919 (1994) identified hemp as a strategic national product that should be stockpiled. The state of Victoria was an early adopter in 1998, and has reissued the regulation in 2008. Obtaining technical fibre is associated with the destruction of the stem or other part of the plant containing fibre bearing tissues (e.g. [76] They cause injury by reducing plant vigour because they feed on the phloem of the plant. As of 2019, 47 states have enacted legislation to make hemp legal to grow at the state level, with several states implementing medical provisions regarding the growing of plants specifically for non-psychoactive CBD. [141][146][147][148][149][150][151][152] The company DuPont and many industrial historians dispute a link between nylon and hemp, nylon became immediately a scarce commodity. [113] Hemp production in North Carolina resumed in 2017,[114] and in Washington State the same year. [165] Speculation about the potential for commercial cultivation of hemp in large quantities has been criticized due to successful competition from other fibers for many products. It also includes the development of markets in Britain, France, and Spain. Several arthropods can cause damage or injury to hemp plants, but the most serious species are associated with the Insecta class. [109], The process to legalize hemp cultivation began in 2009, when Oregon began approving licenses for industrial hemp. BastCore, an Alabama-based hemp fiber company, has turned a former steam plant outside the capital of Montgomery into a processing facility, one of the first in the United States to offer a key link in the supply chain between Alabama’s farmers and hemp-derived product makers. Recently, new high-speed kinematic decortication has come about, capable of separating hemp into three streams; bast fiber, hurd, and green microfiber. Organic fertilizers such as manure are one of the best methods of weed control. Since hemp stabilises and enriches the soil that farmers grow crops on and provides them with weed-free fields, without cost of herbicides, it has value even if no part of the plant is being harvested and used. The major differences between the two types of plants are the appearance, and the amount of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) secreted in a resinous mixture by epidermal hairs called glandular trichomes, although they can also be distinguished genetically. [36], Hemp is used as an internal plaster and is a mixture of hemp hurd (shive) mixed with larger proportions of a lime-based binder. [105], In the United Kingdom, cultivation licences are issued by the Home Office under the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971. Greater seeding depths result in increased weed competition. [30], The first example of the use of hempcrete was in 1986 in France with the renovation of the Maison de la Turquie in Nogent-sur-Seine by the innovator Charles Rasetti. [106], In October 2019, hemp became legal to grow in 46 U.S. states under federal law. Description And Uses, Texas CBD Vendors Face Massive License Fee Increase, Billy Caldwell’s Seizures Return After Cannabis Medication Confiscated. [164] Because of colonial and naval expansion of the era, economies needed large quantities of hemp for rope and oakum. [69] In these strains of industrial hemp* the tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) content would have been very low. [115] By the end of 2017, at least 34 U.S. states had industrial hemp programs. [158] U.S. farmers participated in the campaign to increase U.S. hemp production to 36,000 acres in 1942. Yields in Kent County, have averaged 8.75 t/ha (3.5 t/ac). [67][68], In the United States, the public's perception of hemp as marijuana has blocked hemp from becoming a useful crop and product,"[67] in spite of its vital importance prior to World War II. The products are mainly specialty papers such as cigarette paper,[42] banknotes and technical filter papers. In the EU, they are used for animal bedding (horses, for instance), or for horticultural mulch. Fibres from these plants can be considered to … What Is Industrial Hemp? Hemp is obtained from the Cannabis sativa plant. Bear, James A. Jr., and Lucia C. Stanton, eds. Fibre Crops and Fibres Obtained. Manila is sometimes referred to as Manila hemp, but is not related to hemp; it is abacá, a species of banana. Harvesting industrial hemp (Cannabis sativa) - This is a separate harvest for a different form of processing: The upper part of the plant with the leaves will be collected for cold pressing, while the lower part remains for producing fiber and initially it is left on the field. Statistic for the European Union for 2008 to 2010 say that the average yield of hemp straw has varied between 6.3 and 7.3 ton per ha. [87] sativa var. In May 1765 he noted in his diary about the sowing of seeds each day until mid-April. The fibre is made into bagging and other coarse fabrics and is sometimes mixed with other fibres to improve colour in rope. Than 20 times the production was substantially reduced with lyocell to cold temperatures can. In 2009, the cultivation of hemp in New England in 1645. 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